April 13, 2016

The Royal Canadian Navy upgraded to Harpoon Block II anti-ship missiles. Hooray?

Naval Ensign of Canada
The Royal Canadian Navy put out a very interesting press release last week.  I spend more time looking at Russian naval movements and their ships that our own, so this proved very enlightening.

Royal Canadian Navy marks first-ever missile test against shore-based targets
April 8, 2016 – Ottawa – National Defence / Canadian Armed Forces
HMCS Vancouver made history recently as it became the first modernized Canadian frigate to successfully test surface-to-surface missiles against a shore-based target, utilizing the Harpoon Block II surface-to-surface missiles.
This is the first time in history the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) has exercised such a surface-to-surface missile launch capability. The launches were part of a Joint Littoral Training Exercise (JoLTEX.)
JoLTEX 16 is a training exercise that was recently completed by the RCN at a United States Navy missile firing range off the coast of California. The Exercise was held from March 30 to April 1, 2016.
(whole press release here)
I admit I had no idea that any Harpoon anti-ship missile *could* strike shore based targets, but I guess a ship-to-shore missile is a new capability, and a distinguishing feature between the old variants of the Harpoon and the new Block II.  What about the deck gun? According to Wikipedia the deck gun "is a 57 mm 70 Mark 3 gun from Bofors. The gun is capable of firing 2.4 kg shells at a rate of 220 rounds/min at a range of more than 17 km. The Bofors is a multi-purpose weapon usable against surface and air targets. The 57 mm main gun has limited ship-to-shore bombardment capability."  As I haven't looked very closely at the Canadian Navy armament before, this surprised me as well.  I was unaware we has such a (relatively) small gun on our largest naval vessels; heresy you say? Let me elaborate.  The Russian Navy (1962 design) Kashin-class Destroyer has a multitude of armaments, including two twin 76 mm guns.   But a destroyer is usually bigger than a Frigate; so to compare apples-to-apples, the Russian frigates are the Krivak-class, Neustrashimyy-class and the new Admiral Grigorovich-Class - all of which have more, and bigger, deck-guns.  I'm sure I've drawn the ire of many Royal Canadian Navy fans, but now that I'm looking closer at the armament of our flagship-class, I'm rather horrified.  Yes, I understand it isn't just the size of the gun; it's how you use it.  But I'm getting off topic.

Credit: Google Maps
I think it's great that Canada now has the capability to "reach out" and hit land-based targets (at least) ~124 km away with the Halifax-Class frigates.  Those frigates already had the launchers for the Harpoon Anti-Ship missile, so this new capability doesn't add any significant weight or space (which is always at a premium onboard a ship).  It makes me wonder though, ~124 km isn't very far when you consider ship of this size likely wants to stay away from shore to avoid anti-ship missiles itself, unguided rockets, or drawing artillery fire - as Saudi Arabia has tragically learned off the coast of Yemen recently. Meaning, if Canada wanted to strike at a group of insurgents from the sea, it might have permission from a National government (as might be the case with Libya), or it might not (Syria?).  If a Halifax-class frigate was striking from outside a territorial limit, would it be 22Km or 44Km away from shore?  Either way, it reduces the inland strike range to ~80-100 km.  If we look at Libya as an example of a State where the reach of a Harpoon Block II might come in handy, you'll notice most of the country is inland.  While the Harpoon II might be able to strike targets in the coastal cities (as deep inland as Garyan), the rest of the country would be out of reach.  Don't we need cruise missiles if we're going to get into ship-to-shore strikes?

Range of Harpoon II
Credit: Google Maps
The US Navy and Russian Navy have cruise missiles which have an significantly longer range.  The US Tomahawk can reach between 1300-2500 km depending on the variant.  The Russian (Калибр) Kalibr variants have a similar range, and were used to strike Syrian targets from Russian Navy ships in the Caspian Sea (a 1500 km flight).  But aren't cruise missiles more expensive than the Harpoon Block II?  They're about the same cost; in the area of $1.5M each.

Range of Russian Kalibr Cruise Missile
Credit: Google Maps
Let's look at range again, in Canadian terms that Canadians can visualize.  A Halifax-Class ship in the Royal Canadian Navy can fire it's Harpoon Block II missile across Nova Scotia from the Halifax Harbour.  Impressive!

A Russian Navy Ship or Submarine, armed with their new cruise missiles, might be able to hit Winnipeg from Halifax.  That's a little more impressive, and a little frightening.

So, why did we upgrade our Harpoon to the Harpoon Block II?  Well, the Harpoon was originally fielded in 1977.  The Harpoon II, while not the most recent block, has undergone a significant set of improvements, and performs better than it's predecessor. I'm not suggesting we shouldn't have upgraded them, but maybe we need to look at what we have in the end; what can the Halifax-class Frigate accomplish, compared to other warships of the world?  Was this refit worth the money spent?


  1. This is very informative topic which you chose to discuss. Canadian, US and Russians navies are i think considered to be the finest in the world.

  2. 感謝分享驚人的信息!!!!!!

  3. This website has some really helpful info on it. Cheers for helping me.

  4. Looking for Labrador retriever puppies online store puppies available to be purchased If a Lab little dog isn't given appropriate consideration and preparing they could create conduct issues later on. Ensure you're set up to care for a Labrador pup and address the entirety of their issues. Cautiously consider why you need to Labrador retriever puppies for sale a Labrador little dog prior to surrendering your money and if a Labrador is the correct canine for your family and way of life Buy labrador retriever near me. In case you're certain a Labrador doggy is for you ensure you're buying a sound pet. Investigate the Little dog contract or click our link for direction.

  5. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. we offers Hard Disk Drive USB Converter online at affordable price. You need to set up an outer hard drive fenced in area prior to changing interior hard drive to USB, it functions as the Hard Disk Drive USB converter to permit you to move an inner Hard Disk Drive toward an outside USB drive. Buy 8 Port USB Super Fast Charger online from bestbydezign.com at cheapest price. This gadget offers quick charging and this element won't cause your telephone to overheat. It additionally incorporates two USB port yields. Additionally, charging 2 gadgets on the double won't diminish the charging ability of each USB port yield.

    The Conveniently Simple Portable Bluetooth Speakers that is ideal for making and getting little telephone calls advantageously. With strong form quality, simple arrangement and top-class sound execution that gives a false representation of its little size, it is an extraordinary decision in case you are searching for an individual gathering speakerphone.

    The Pull up Lazy Tablet Bracket is ideal for individuals who need to see their telephones or tablets in a without hands climate. The base of the section is looking like an external eight, which is immovably upheld to forestall shaking. The section is furnished with a non-slip silicone cushion to secure your tablet and cell phone.

  6. Ourtime login is the leading dating site for mature men and women. Our aim to help that kind of seniors who looking for right partner for date. We can help you how to create account on Ourtime and how Login ourtime to a search partner.

    Just like ourtime, Zoosk login is another dating site for seniors. It is most popular website for dating in USA. So if you have any issue in Zoosk sign in, Zoosk membership or any other kind of query then visit our website for more information.

  7. Before hiring a home/office cleaners you should make sure that company is licensed or not. Our company Nemoclean is licensed and has skilled technicians in our team for deep cleaning services. You can hire our company for home cleaners in Columbus in USA.

    We offer all kind of cleaning services like office, house apartment and more. We are well known commercial cleaners in Columbus USA. Contact us for any cleaning services.

    small office cleaning

  8. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. we offers a best place to buy Magic growing christmas tree online at cheap rate. Here you can also purchase Large stock acrylic periodic table, electric hair braider, Auto step shaker smartphone holder, DC 5V 2A USB ultrasonic cleaner, Tetris stackable led table light, 2021 Bluetooth call smart watch 1.68 inch, Waterproof sleep heart rate watches and Electric hair braider plait automatic twist braider styling braiding machine at affordable price.

    You can find best platform to buy Automatic hair braider electric diy hair weave machine twist knitting roll online at cheap rate. Here you can also purchase Electric hair braider plait automatic twist braider styling braiding machine and Acrylic periodic table display with real elements kids teaching school day birthday gifts at affordable price.

  9. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. we provides best options to Buy laser projector online at cheap rate. Here you can also purchase Galaxy star projector, night light projector, star projector and Galaxy Laser Projector online at affordable price.

  10. Charlies Niece Airways is offering you an offer in which you can celebrate summer vacation in the Caribbean, click here to book your tickets today at a very cheap price. Flying in the Caribbean, Exploring the Caribbean, Etc.

  11. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. we provides best options to Buy floral dresses for women online at cheap rate. Here you can also purchase party dresses for women, Backless maxi dresses, gowns for women, maxi dresses, Elegant dresses for women, elegant dresses, backless dress and Criss cross dresses for women online at affordable price.

    You can find a best platform to buy Halter Backless Maxi Dress online at best rate. Here you can also purchase V-Neck Elegant Party Gowns, Sheer Mesh Embroidered Dress, V Neck Backless Dress, Kaftan Womens Maxi Dress, Fashion Print Evening Night Club Dress, Floral Print Dress, Criss Cross Dress and Maxi Gown Dresses online.

  12. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. we provide best options to Buy dog car seat cover at valuable price. Here we can also purchase Car air freshener online, car laptop holder, car phone holder, dog car seat cover, Portable Bluetooth speaker online at affordable price.

    Retro Player Car Air Freshener
    Premium Multifunctional Car Seat Organizer
    Baby Car Seat Head Support Band
    Anti Lost Smart Bluetooth Tracker

  13. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. We offers Mobile car wash service Phoenix with countless individuals and organizations calling Phoenix home, utilizing a versatile vehicle wash administration offers Phoenix inhabitants and working experts an advantageous method to keep their vehicles fit as a fiddle without removing time from their bustling timetables. Mobile vehicle detailing Phoenix is an inside and out, through and through cleaning of your vehicle including its inside and outside. A Mobile car wash service Arizona might be a vehicle wash that is finished utilizing a top quality, concentrated arrangement that are designed to flexibly an equal washing results as a water-based vehicle wash. A Mobile vehicle detailing Arizona might be a downturn verification business in light of the fact that in any event, when the economy is seeing a slump, a versatile detailer would at present get support since huge loads of people would need to deal with their present vehicles appropriately, since they will be not able to manage the cost of new vehicles.

  14. Really it was an awesome article. Thank you so much for the post it is very helpful, Keep posting such type of articles please visit at https://revolutionary-accesories.com/.

    Buy car phone charger online

    Smart LED Display Charger

  15. I am really impressed with your blog ,such great & useful knowledge you mentioned here. Your post is very informative. I have read all your posts and all are very informative. Thanks for sharing and keep it up like this. You can know more please visit https://revolutionary-accesories.com

    Buy printed t shirts online

    Best t shirts online shopping

  16. Thank you for sharing this useful information and keep writing this type post. We are Sexuality coach Virginia, sacrosanct lingerie, sexual healers and shamans, consecrated sex guides, sex mentors, proxies, closeness mentors, sexological bodyworkers and delight craftsmen. Relationship coach Virginia is a daily existence training specialization that assists individuals with finding more prominent satisfaction in their own and expert connections. A Happiness Life Coach Virginia can help customers work through the alternatives to locate a make way with solid advances that lead to an achievable objective. A holistic mentor can likewise help customers make a significant vocation change, for example, beginning another business.